Practical Chemistry

Experiment 28: Investigation of neutralisation


This is to be produced by the student as it is a planning experiment.


Any research question should involve neutralisation of acids by bases or vice-versa.


None given.


The usual laboratory apparatus is available.

Chemicals provided:

A selection of acids and bases, both insoluble and soluble, weak and strong.

Possible Acids Possible bases Possible indicators Other compounds

Sulphuric acid

Nitric acid

Hydrochloric acid

Ethanoic acid

Phosphoric acid

Citric acid

Tartaric acid

Salicylic acid

Sodium hydroxide

Potassium hydroxide

Calcium hydroxide

Calcium oxide

Magnesium oxide

Ammonia solution

Sodium carbonate

Magnesium carbonate

Calcium carbonate

Methyl orange



Bromothymol blue

Sodium chloride

Magnesium sulphate

Ammonium chloride

Ammonium sulphate


Experimental report

The following factors must be considered:

  • Suitable research question and hypothesis
  • Choice of suitable apparatus and method
  • Accurate recording of raw data
  • Presentation of raw data
  • Data analysis and presentation
  • Evaluation of errors both qualitative and numerical


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